Nowhere else in Italy is the influence of history so alive as in the island of Sardinia. Ancient traditions, cuisine, and dialects still live on – and some might even claim that Sardinia has almost been forgotten by time! The living remnants from the Romans, Arabs, Spaniards, and Phoenicians add a different energy to this wonderful island that visitors will find absolutely enthralling.
• Rich history
• Historical landmarks
• Exquisite museums
• Multicultural cuisine
• Beautiful Beaches
• Picturesque Villages
Literally meaning “Castle” in Sardinian, Cagliari is the capital and economic center of Sardinia. With influences from several civilizations that occupied Sardinia over the centuries, Cagliari is a kaleidoscope of cultures, traditions, experiences, architecture, cuisine, and dialects. Visit the National Archaeological Museum that houses fascinating Bronze Age artifacts, the Roman amphitheater, the old quarter with an inherent North African feel or even the Duomo with its distinctive Christian aura. After experiencing Cagliari, visitors will not only feel as if they have travelled back in time, but that they have also managed to visit several cultures and civilizations simultaneously.
With evidence of human civilizations from the Paleolithic period, Sardinia was originally inhabited by small tribes from the Italian mainland and Iberian Peninsula. As the trade routes in the Mediterranean and across Europe started to expand, so did the importance of the Island. Used as a safe sanctuary for trade vessels by the Phoenicians, Sardinia slowly became a Phoenician stronghold used for trade with Africa, Northern Europe, and modern day Portugal and Spain. Dismayed by the Phoenicians “infestation” of their island, the local Sardinians mounted an insurrection that was quickly subdued as the Phoenicians requested help from their allies in Carthage. In 238 BC, Sardinia fell into Roman hands as the Carthaginians were decisively defeated by Rome. As with all Roman provinces, Sardinia developed its, trade, infrastructure, agriculture, and standing within the Empire very quickly. For a brief time in history, Sardinia fell under the rule of the East Germanic tribes, but it was Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire that managed to hold on to the island for the next significant period in time. Sardinia’s medieval and modern periods saw no real fluctuations in the island’s status and progress, but rather a very unstable and continuously changing political situation. Today Sardinia enjoys a vibrant tourist scene as well as a flourishing agricultural sector.