- Unique geological landscape
- Preserved natural environment
- Rich history
It is around 190 BC that a city was established at this site by Eumenes II, King of Pergamon. By 129 BC, this city, named Hierapolis, meaning “sacred city” in Greek, would become part of the Roman Empire in Asia Minor. It is under the Roman Empire that Hierapolis became an impressive and even monumental city and famous thermal spa. Although many earthquakes caused destruction to this area, Hierapolis developed into a major and prosperous city, with thousands of people, including Roman Emperors, visiting this area to seek relief from their ailments in the pools and hot springs of Pamukkale. By the late 1300s, Hierapolis was essentially abandoned. After a devastating earthquake in 1534, most of the ancient structures were destroyed and the site was slowly buried under debris and all but forgotten until archaeological digs in the late 1800s and early 1900s.