Ancient Attalia was founded by Attalus II, King of Pergamum sometime between 150-159 BC and has since been the gateway to the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Today, the modern coastal town of Antalya is one of the premier resort destinations and focal points of this part of Turkey. Natural landscapes, well-preserved ancient sites, sandy beaches, a lovely old town that has been awarded UNESCO World Heritage Site status, public parks, and a lively cultural scene, all make Antalya one of the most attractive destinations in Turkey.
Among top travel resort destinations of the Mediterranean
Ideal location for golfing
Having sided with the Romans during the wars in Asia Minor Attalus II later bequeathed his kingdom of Pergamum, including Attalia, to the Roman Republic. The city of Attalia thrived under the Romans and was later handed over to the Eastern Roman Empire after the split of the Empire into East and West in AD 395, thereafter becoming part of the Byzantine Empire. Attalia became an early center of Christianity with Paul the Apostle having passed through the city on one of his first missionary journeys. By the late 1300s to early 1400s, Attalia was conquered by Seljuk and Orghuz Turks, and later by the Ottoman Turks. It is at this time that the city became known by its present name - Antalya. During the 14th – 19th centuries, Antalya was a thriving city inhabited by Greeks, Turks, and Jews. Although briefly occupied by the Italians, Antalya remained under the rule of the Ottoman’s through WW1, until 1923 when it became part of the Turkish Republic.